By Thomas Risse-Kappen
What distinction do nonstate actors in diplomacy (such as Greenpeace, Amnesty foreign, IBM, or firms of scientists) make in international politics? How do cross-national hyperlinks have interaction with the realm of states? Who controls whom? This ebook solutions those questions via investigating the effect of nonstate actors on overseas coverage in different factor components and in areas all over the world. It argues that the effect of such nonstate actors depends on the institutional constitution of states in addition to foreign regimes and corporations.
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Extra resources for Bringing Transnational Relations Back In: Non-State Actors, Domestic Structures and International Institutions
Aligning with governmental actors does not help, either, given the fragmented nature of the state. Even if transnational actors do achieve their goals in changing policies, the state is expected to be too weak to implement decisions. Thomas Princen looks at this proposition with regard to Kenya and the ivory ban, while Matthew Evangelista explores it concerning postSoviet Russia. 2 summarizes how the ideal-types of domestic structures are expected to mediate the policy impact of transnational coalitions and actors.
4 Some accord primacy to the member states and view the policy choices of the Community as manifestations of the continuing domination of the states, acting to achieve their national interests through such institutions as the Council of Ministers and the European Council. From that perspective, Community politics and policy-making largely consist of the formation of coalitions and alliances among states, and the attainment and defeat of the interests and preferences of the states. In contrast, others accord primacy to the supranational institutions and actors within the Community, such as the Commission and the Court of Justice, and perceive its politics and policymaking as manifestations of the influence of those institutions and actors.
The countries represented in this volume which seem to match the state-controlled structure, are the former USSR, the former East Germany, and - as an extreme example - Communist Romania (chapters by Clark and Chan, Evangelista, and Chilton). State-dominated domestic structures can be distinguished from the 47 In the case of a fragmented state faced with either strong or weak societies, the nature of the policy network seems to matter less. I have, therefore, summarized these types into one category each.