By et al Ronald Thoen
Exchange is an important driving force for sustained financial development, and development is critical for poverty relief. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the place three-fourths of the negative dwell in rural parts, spurring progress and producing source of revenue and employment possibilities is necessary for poverty aid recommendations. Seventy percentage of the inhabitants lives in rural components, the place livelihoods are mostly depending on the creation and export of uncooked agricultural commodities resembling espresso, cocoa, and cotton, whose costs in actual phrases were gradually declining during the last many years. The deterioration within the phrases of exchange resulted for Africa in a gradual contraction of its proportion in international alternate during the last 50 years. Diversification of agriculture into higher-value, non-traditional exports is noticeable at the present time as a concern for many of those international locations. a few African countries—in specific, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, C?te d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Zimbabwe—have controlled to diversify their agricultural region into non-traditional, high-value-added items equivalent to reduce plant life and vegetation, clean and processed vegetables and fruit. to profit from those reviews and higher help different African international locations in designing and imposing potent agricultural progress and diversification concepts, the area financial institution has introduced a entire set of reports below the huge topic of “Agricultural alternate Facilitation and Non-Traditional Agricultural Export improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.” This research presents an in-depth research of the present constitution and dynamics of the eu import marketplace for plants and clean horticulture items. It goals to aid purchaser international locations, stakeholders, and improvement companions to get a greater figuring out of those markets, and to evaluate the clients and possibilities they provide for Sub-Saharan African exporters.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63)
2 kg was marketed. Ten years ago, total per capita consumption was 12 kg lower. The main vegetables are tomatoes and cabbages (white cabbage, red cabbage, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, curly kale, green cabbage, conical cabbage). 2. EU Imports of Fresh Vegetables, 1992–2002 (Thousands of Tons) Intra-EU Extra-EU 10,000 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 1992 1994 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002(p) (p) = provisional. Source: Authors. 7% annually but are still a small part of total EU imports of fresh vegetables.
The current position of Africa is merely the result of the export volumes of Morocco and, to a lesser extent, Kenya. Morocco’s position is largely due to its geographic position, EU investments in Moroccan tomato production and successful EU negotiations with respect to trading the ﬁshing quota for the tomato quota. The Kenyan position is the result of a synergy in logistics between ﬂowers and fresh vegetables, the presence of a number of large Euro-Afro farms, the quick adoption of market requirements such as pre-packed vegetables and process quality standards such as ISO and EUREP-GAP, and its suitable mild climate.
Other popular ﬂowers are carnations (7 percent), chrysanthemums (1 percent) and various summer ﬂowers. Cut Foliage The United States is the world leader in exports of cut foliage with a market share of 16 percent. The Netherlands and Costa Rica are ranked second and third. Ferns are a particularly popular product, and are produced in quantity in the USA. African countries are virtually absent in the cut foliage market. Only South Africa exports $10 million worth of cut foliage per year. 2 billion, representing a 45 percent market share.